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Technology For Coconut By Product Utilization And Value Addition - The Case Of Cocopeat As Solid Fuel For Heat Energy (Synthetic Gas)

Coco peat could be used as a raw material for renewable energy sources. Coco peat was mixed and pelletized using a pelletizer to form coco peat pellet. It was burned on an updraft gasifier to produce synthetic gas (syngas) and then streamed to a stove through a pipe. The syngas was then split and burned and the heat generated was used for  boiling water and fo r drying agricultural products. Air quality around the stove (emission test) was measured and analyzed when gasification took place. The best results of  coco peat pellet were made from 85% of  coco peat waste, 5% starch (binder), and 10% of waste cooking oil with stronger texture and shiny surface. The experimental gasification using updraft gasifier exhibited better result when half of  the volume of gasifier was filled  with 5 kg pellet and the syngas produced can be used for 3.5 hours drying and boiling. Air quality surrounding the stove was tested during gasification process. It was done based on the Indonesian Environmental Regulation issued by Indonesian Ministry of  Environment on Standards (KEP-13/MENLH/3/1995 dated March 7th. 1995) regarding standard air quality from  static matter and covers NIT, Cl2 , HCl, HE. NO2 , particle. SO2  and ITS parameters. The measurements result indicated that all parameters meet the quality standards) including CO and CO2  at 0.0001 mg/kg.

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